|Black Horse Tavern, Canonsburg, PA|
Excerpts from her forum about our Bradford ancestors' involvement in the Whiskey Rebellion are below. Remember that the leader of the Whiskey Rebellion, David Bradford, was the nephew of our Samuel and Sarah Bradford, he being the son of Samuel's brother, James Bradford. Thanks, Sue!
"The rebels next move was the most disastrous. They conspired to rob the mail because they wanted to find out what the dispatches going from Pittsburgh to Harrisburg and Philadelphia said about them. The plot was devised at the Canonsburg Tavern of Henry Westbay, called the Black Horse Tavern, and was carried out by William Bradford, cousin of David Bradford, and William Mitchell, hired by David Hamilton.
They waylaid the mail carrier about 22 miles east of Pittsburgh near the present Route 51, took only the letters they were interested in, tied the carrier so that they would have time to get away. The mail was taken to Benjamin Parkison/Parkinson and then to Col Canon and David Bradford in Canonsburg. Although there was to be a meeting at Parkinson's Ferry in 17 days, Bradford became so incensed by the content of the letters that the militia was commanded to meet at the Mingo Church and proceed to Braddocks Field to march on Pittsburgh."
David Bradford of Whiskey Rebellion fame was the son of James and Jennet (Janet?) Bradford & Jennet. James is the brother of our Samuel Bradford (father of our Rebecca Bradford. Thus David is the cousin of our Rebecca Bradford, and it was her brother William, who helped steal the mail during the Whiskey Rebellion. Here is what Sue discovered about James:
1 James Bradford Sr. b: Ireland d: 1811 Strabane, Twp, Washington Co, PA
. +Jennet [?] b: Ireland
........ 2 Thomas Bradford
........ 2 Agnes Bradford b: 02 January 1746/47 Elizabethtown, Essex Co,
NJ d: 17 July 1825 Washington Co, PA
........... +John McDowell b: 23 September 1736 Ballyrussell, Antrim, N.
Ireland d: 12 August 1809 Washington Co., PA
........ 2 Mary A. Bradford b: c. 1748 d: 22 January 1833 Washington Co,PA
........... +James Allison b: c. 1742 Antrim, Ireland d: 24 July 1820
Chartiers Twp., Washington Co, PA
........ 2 James Bradford, Jr b: 1752 d: 1801 Washington Co, PA
........... +Elizabeth Gibson b: c. 1775
........ 2 David Bradford [leader of the Whiskey Rebellion] b: 1760 Maryland d: 1810 Louisianna
........... +Elizabeth Porter
Will Book 2, p. 326 - James Bradford Sr., Strabane Twp.
Dated: 28 Sep 1811
Probated: 1 Oct 1811
Executors: John Hays, David Reed
Witnesses: Nathaniel Caughey, Joseph Kerr
Beneficiaries: wife Agness;
sons Alexander, Nathaniel, Hugh; daughters Margaret Husten, Mary Husten
Will Book 1, p 428 - James Bradford Jr., Strabane Twp. (wife Elizabeth [Gibson])
Dated: 18 Dec 1800
Probated: 4 July 1801
Executors: wife, son William, son-in-law Richard Johnson
Witnesses: Samuel Whann, JohnColmery, William Brysland, Mary Brysland,
Beneficiaries: wife (not named); sons William, James, John, David, Thomas, George;
daughters Jinny (Jane--wife of Richard Johnston), Mary
Note: Deed Book 1Y2 shows conveyance from James Bradford Sr. to James
Bradford Jr. a tract of land in Strabane, 1790.
History of Washington Co., PA http://www.chartiers.com/crumrine/twp-nstrabane.html
James Bradford was a native of Ireland, who came to Washington in 1784, and obtained a warrant for a tract of land which was surveyed as " Montgomery," and contained three hundred and six acres, adjoining land of Robert Hamilton and Samuel Stewart. Several of his children had married and settled in the county prior to his coming. He lived on this farm till his death. On the 26th of December, 1788, he sold one hundred and ninety-one acres of the tract to his son James, who was afterwards one of the elders of Chartiers Presbyterian Church. His son, the Hon. John Bradford, of Bell Brook, Greene Co., Ohio, is still living at ninety years of age.
John Bradford, son of James Bradford Jr. and Elizabeth [Gibson];
"Mr. Fergus was born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, March 24, 1858, and is a son of Thomas P. Fergus, of the same county and state. The latter was born in 1832, was engaged in the calling of a farmer and in 1879 went into Missouri. His last years were spent in Anderson county, Kansas, where he died in 1888. He married Abigail Bradford, a daughter of John and Annie (Hamilton) Bradford, lineal descentants [sic] of the famous Massachusetts family of Bradfords.
"John Bradford of this mention was a soldier in the war of 1812, was born in Pennsylvania and died near Dayton, Ohio. The children of Mr. and Mrs. John Bradford are: Elizabeth Friend, of Wyoming, Ohio, aged eighty-two years, still living; Margaret Service, of Dayton, Ohio, eighty years; Martha Jane Hamilton, Ft. Wayne, Indiana, seventy-eight years; Rev. D. G. Bradford, Springfield, Illinois, seventy-six years; James H. Bradford, Bellbrook, Ohio, seventy-three years: Ebenezer E. Bradford, Centerville, Ohio, seventy years; Annie C. Ewing, missionary in Cairo, Egypt, sixty-eight years; Abigail Fergus, Glenlock, Kansas, sixty-six years; Agnes Andrews, Bellbrook, Ohio, sixty-three years.
"Pages 275-276, transcribed by Carolyn Ward from History of Allen and Woodson Counties, Kansas: embellished with portraits of well known people of these counties, with biographies of our representative citizens, cuts of public buildings and a map of each county / Edited and Compiled by L. Wallace Duncan and Chas. F. Scott. Iola Registers, Printers and Binders, Iola, Kan.: 1901"
John Bradford b.abt 1791 PA PA PA d.after 1880
s/o James Bradford & Elizabeth [Gibson]
Wife. Ann/Annie[Hamilton] b.abt 1795 PA d.after 1870
1830 Census Chartiers, Washington Co., PA pg.250
1840 Census Chartiers, Washington Co., PA pg.235
1850 Census Canton, Washington Co., PA pg.423
1860 Census Sugar Creek, Greene Co., OH pg.31
1870 Census Sugar Creek, Greene Co.,OH pg.234
1880 Census Sugar Creek, Greene Co.,OH pg.380A&B (widowed, lives with son James H.Bradford)
Children of John Bradford & Annie [Hamilton]:
1.Elizabeth Friend, of Wyoming, Hamilton Co.,OH, b.7-1818 PA
1900 Census Springfield, Hamilton Co., OH pg.12
2.Margaret Service, of Dayton, Montgomery Co.,OH, b.6-1820 PA
1900 Census Dayton Ward 8, Montgomery Co.,OH pg.16B
3.Martha Jane, of Hamilton, Ft. Wayne, Allen Co.,IN, b.8-1822 PA
1900 Census Jackson, Huntington Co., IN pg.3
4.Rev. D. G. Bradford, of Springfield, Sangamon Co.,IL, b.12-1824 PA
1900 Census Springfield Ward 5, Sangamon Co.,IL pg.5B (Minister)
5.James H. Bradford, of Bellbrook, Greene Co.,OH, b.8-1827 PA
1900 Census Sugar Creek, Greene Co.,OH pg.3B
6.Ebenezer E. Bradford, of Centerville, Ohio, b.7-1829 PA
1900 Census Washington, of Montgomery Co.,OH pg.2
7.Annie Catherine Ewing, a missionary in Cairo, Egypt, b.abt 1832 PA
8.Abigail Fergus, of Glenlock, Anderson Co.,KS, b.abt 1835 PA
9.Agnes Andrews, of Bellbrook,Greene Co.,OH, b.3-1838 PA (?Mary)
1900 Census Washington, Montgomery Co., OH pg.5BRev.D.G. Bradford, son of John Bradford and Annie [Hamilton:
"Rev. D. G. Bradford was the next pastor. He was ordained and installed April 8, 1856, and released October, 1857, when he became pastor of the Second Associate Reformed congregation of Allegheny City, Pa., and was released April 14, 1863, to take charge of the First Church of Monmouth, Ill., where he continued until 1867. Subsequently he joined the Presbyterian Church, and has filled several pastorates in it.
Margaret Boone, was the wife of the late Rev. D. G. Bradford, of Illinois, her death occurring while Rev. Mr. Bradford was preaching in Allegheny." http://www.boonesociety.com/articles/Hugh%20Patterson%20Boon...
Rev David G. Bradford b.12-1824 PA d. after 1900
s/o John Bradford & Annie [Hamilton]
1850 Census Canton, Washington Co., PA pg.423 (David 25, a student, living with parents)
1860 Census Allegheny Ward 2, Allegheny Co., PA pg.794 (U.P.Preacher)
1870 Census Knoxville, Knox Co., IL pg.296 (Minister)
1880 Census Princeton, Bureau Co., IL pg.268 B (Minister)
1900 Census Springfield Ward 5, Sangamon Co.,IL pg.5B (Minister)
1st wife Margaret [Boone] b.abt 1830 OH d.after 1860
2ndwife Sarah [McClaughry] b.4-1879 IL m.8-22-1864 in Hancock Co.,IL
Children of David Bradford & Margaret [Boone]:
1.William B. Bradford b.abt 1852 PA
2.James E. Bradford b.abt 1856 PA
3.David M. Bradford b.abt 1858 PA
Children of David Bradford & Sarah [McClaughry]:
4.Ralph Bradford b.abt 1865 IL
5.Anna M. Bradford b.abt 1868 IL
6.Sarah D.Bradford b.4-1879 IL
William Bradford, (cousin of David Bradford), son of Samuel Bradford & Sarah Bradford:
b.1-8-1770 ?in Cecil Co.,MD d.10-19-1862 in Maysville, Mason Co.,KY
s/o Samuel Bradford & Sarah [Bradford]
William and [wife] Margaret [Margaret Parkinson, daughter of William Parkinson, a man who was also very instrumental in the Whiskey Rebellion] are both buried at Bradford Cemetery Lot "A" , Manchester, Adams Co.,OH
Was one of the original settlers on the lands in the Fox Military Survey No.401,
on the Ohio River where he lived and died.
?1799 Tax List Lee Co.,VA (a David Bradford also)
1810 Census Brooke Co.,VA pg.678 (WV)
1820 Census Sprigg, Adams Co.,OH pg.16
1830 Census Sprigg, Adams Co.,OH pg.77
1840 Census Sprigg, Adams Co.,OH pg.52
1850 Census Maysville, Mason Co.,KY pg.108
1860 Census Maysville, Mason Co.,KY pg.70
(widowed, lives with widowed daughter Rebecca [Bradford] Carpenter)
b.1-8-1780 PA d.3-29-1852 in Maysville, Mason Co.,KY m.8-20-1799
Possibly the daugter of Benjamin Parkinson & Margaret [Dickey]
(Benjamin Parkinson was in the Whiskey Rebellion also)
Children of William Bradford & Margaret [Parkinson]
1.EVELINE Bradford b.5-28-1801 d.1-1844
2..CLARINDA Bradford b.3-12-1803 VA d.10-15-1870
3..BENJAMIN Bradford b.8-20-1804 VA d.3-16-1868
Benjamin was a victim of the ill-fated steamer "Magnolia"
http://www.riverboatdaves.com/ohio/magno.html The Magnolia Disaster
Benjamin, Nancy Ann, and daughter Margaret Parkinson Bradford
are all buried at the Charter Oak Cemetery in Aberdeen, Brown Co.,OH
1840 Census Huntington, Brown Co.,OH pg.269
1850 Census Aberdeen, Brown Co., OH pg.90
1860 Census Washington, Clermont Co.,OH pg.466
4.DAVID Bradford b.6-1-1806 VA d.4-6-1879 in Sprigg twp., Adams Co.,OH
5.SAMUEL Bradford b.3-1-1808 VA d.3-19-1877 in Sprigg twp., Adams Co.,OH
6.SOPHIA Bradford b.11-27-1809 VA d.9-15-1903/1904 possibly Paris, Edgar Co.,IL
7.ELIZA Bradford b.9-1-1811 d.9-27-1843
8.SARAH “Sally” Bradford b.6-20-1813 OH d.5-2-1853 in Wayne, Montgomery Co., IN
9.JANE Bradford b.7-31-1815 OH d.12-29-1891
10.REBECCA Bradford b.8-13-1818 OH d.2-14-1898
11.MARY “Polly” Bradford b.10-29-1820 OH d.10-20-1868
12.MARGARET Bradford b.9-20-1824 OH d.6-8-1883
A biography for William Bradford may be found in “The Holmes Tree” by Charles A. Noel, 1983.
"According to Mr. Noel's research, William Bradford was a native of Cecil County, Maryland, but lived in Washington County for a number of years. A few years after their 1799 marriage, William Bradford (1770-1862) and Margaret Parkinson Bradford (1780-1852) moved to Brooke County, West Virginia. They built a flat boat in 1816 and moved downriver to an area now known as Manchester, Ohio, and purchased a farm about four miles up river from Aberdeen, Brown County, Ohio, where they built a brick house in 1822.
Sometime in the 1840's they moved to Maysville, Mason County, Kentucky, which is across the river from Aberdeen , Ohio . William Bradford owned two slaves, both of whom were freed when the Civil War began. Both he and his wife are said to have been buried in the family plot on their farm located on Lick Skillet Road between Aberdeen and Manchester , Ohio . Mr. Noel further reported that attempts to find their graves have failed."
Below is probably the most fascinating reading I've seen about the Rebellion and William Bradford's involvement (remember, he is the son of Samuel and Sarah Bradford of Cecil County, MD, and thus our Rebecca's brother):
Jefferson College Historical Society (Canonsburg)
REV. D. G. BRADFORD [see his genealogy above] WRITES OF SCENES IN OLD CANONSBURG
Something About the Black Horse Tavern, William Bradford and Whiskey Insurrection Days
THE TOWN AS IT WAS IN OLDEN TIME
I peer into every paragraph to note the names of those reported from week to week that have fallen in the strife. Even the business notes tell me that a new generation is ministering to the wants of the people, and hearts once so anxious to accumulate the things of earth are mouldering into dust. "One generation goeth and another cometh, but the earth abideth forever."
Even Main street since it was bereft of its familiar "Market House," has put on airs and is now "Central avenue," and the historic "Black Horse" tavern, the scene of many an orgie, the seclusion of many a culprit, and the place of planning "ways that are dark and tricks that are vain," is to be razed to the foundation. When I last saw it three years ago it had even a repulsive appearance, as if clad in sackcloth and ashes for what had transpired beneath its then dilapidated covering. Within its walls in Whiskey Insurrection days the intercepted mail was opened and searched not for sordid gold, but to learn what report it carried to the government at Philadelphia concerning those engaged in the insurrection.
William Bradford [again, Rebecca's brother], a relative of the writer, had procured the pouch near Greensburg and brought it to Canonsburg for inspection. What a tale this old "Black-horse" could unfold if to its crumbling walls speech were possible.